The Royal Stud was established at Sandringham in 1886 by Edward, Prince of Wales and soon became highly influential in the development of the national thoroughbred bloodstock. The mare Perdita II produced two of racing's legends: Persimmmon won the St Leger and the Derby in 1896, and Diamond Jubilee won the 1900 Triple Crown. The Prince of Wales ploughed the prize money from his winning horses into the Estate, particularly the vast walled kitchen gardens.
Her Majesty The Queen takes a particular interest in bloodstock breeding and has been rewarded by considerable success on the racecourse. The stallion standing at Sandringham is Royal Applause (co-owned), who appropriately spends his days in luxurious paddocks which have been developed in the old Walled Garden.